Geography: LEDC's and MEDC's 

What are LEDC and MEDC's?

LEDC stands for Less Economically Developed Country and MEDC standt for More Economically Developed Country. In the map above, you will see the LEDC's shaded lighter whereas the MEDC's are shaded darker! 

How are LEDC's and MEDC's determined?
LEDC's and MEDC's are determined due to many things such as the standard of living in that country, the birth rate, the death rate, the infant mortality etc. MEDC countries have better standard of living i.e. a higher birth rate, a higher death rate, a higher infant mortality etc. As LEDC countries are less developed, they have lower rates and standard of living.

How is the Standard of Living measured?
To measure the standard of living of a ceratain country, you have to take into account a number of things. The birth rate, death rate, infant mortality, the life expectancy , housing, literacy rate and GNP (Gross National Product) are all some of the things people use to measure the standard of living. MEDC countries have a better standard of living compared to LEDC countries. 

Below you will see some examples of MEDC and LEDC countries: 


  • United States
  • United Kingdom
  • Australia
  • Iceland
  • France
  • Spain
  • Germany
  • Canada
  • Japan
  • Netherlands


  •  Afghanistan
  • Nepal
  • Ethiopia
  • Madagasgar
  • Somalia
  • Uganda 
  • Bangladesh
  • Haiti
  • Liberia
  • Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Chad
  • Guinea

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